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Forex Trading in Kenya – What Investors need to Know

The Forex Market involves buying, selling, or exchanging currencies from all around the globe. It determines the exchange rates of all global currencies and is the largest financial market in the world with a daily volume of $6.6 trillion in transactions.

The Forex Market involves buying, selling, or exchanging currencies from all around the globe. It determines the exchange rates of all global currencies and is the largest financial market in the world with a daily volume of $6.6 trillion in transactions.

The participation of Governments, Banks, Global Companies, and Institutional investors make up the majority of this market. Retail Forex Trading is a smaller segment of the Forex Market where retail investors speculate on the exchange rates between various currencies.

How does Forex Market work?

The two main factors that move the forex market are supply and demand. If the supply is more than the demand for a currency, its value will decrease, and vice versa. Other complex factors also affect the value of a currency such as a country’s economic output, FDI inflow, the balance of payments, intervention or pegging of currency by the country’s government, social factors, and political conditions. But ultimately the supply and demand of a currency in the global market determine its price.

Under the Bretton Woods system of 1944, all currencies were pegged at the same value against the US dollar and central banks agreed to maintain that fixed value by buying their currency when it was devalued and printing more currency if it became too strong.

But after the Bretton Woods agreement collapsed in 1971, currencies were allowed to float freely in global forex markets just like commodities and stocks. The US dollar still remained the Base Exchange currency for global trade. And as the demand for one currency became stronger or weakened against the USD, it either valued higher against the US dollar or devalued against the dollar depending on the demand.

What is Forex Trading?

Forex Trading is the process of buying and selling currencies in the Forex market. Your bank, governments, global companies, and speculators use the forex market to exchange currencies. Currency prices continually fluctuate depending on the above factors.

Speculators and investors make up 5.5% of the forex market as small and institutional investors buy and sell currencies intending to make a profit from the difference in exchange rates. This is called retail forex trading.

For example, 1 USD (US dollar) is currently selling at 106.29 KES (Kenya shilling). That trade is called USD/KES in the forex market. The USD is the base currency (that you want to buy) and KES is the quote currency (that you want to sell). So you can buy 1 USD for KSh 106.29 in the forex market.

So, if you want to go abroad for study or travel, you will have to buy USD at the current USD/KES quote from your bank. Your bank will normally add a ‘spread’ or commission to the quoted rate. In this case, you are effectively trading forex in retail and your bank is acting as your broker in the forex market.  

The  Capital Markets Authority began regulating Kenya’s retail forex market in 2018 and allowed retail traders, investors and brokers to take part in this market. This boosted currency exchange & forex trading activities and there are now estimated to be over 70,000 traders in Kenya who regularly participate in the market to speculate on currency fluctuations.

How can you trade forex in Kenya?

Under the Capital Markets Online Foreign Exchange Trading Regulations enacted in 2017, the CMA provides three types of licenses:

  • The Dealing Foreign Exchange Broker
  • The Non-Dealing Foreign Exchange Broker
  • The Money Manager

The Dealing Brokers and Non-Dealing Brokers (a and b) offer derivative instruments on forex but they do not offer investment management to clients. However, the Money Manager (c) can manage the forex portfolio of a client.

The CMA does not regulate individual forex traders but brokerages must get the relevant license from the CMA to offer Forex Trading instruments. The CMA has licensed three Non-Dealing Online Brokerages. Only one company is licensed as a money manager.

You can trade forex in Kenya through any Dealing or Non-Dealing Broker or Money Manager licensed by the CMA. For this, the broker will usually charge you a commission or spread.

The spread of a broker is measured in percentage points or ‘pips’. Brokers can either charge Fixed Spreads or Variable Spreads which depends and varies from broker to broker.

Basic steps involved in opening a forex account:

  1. Compare the types of accounts on the broker’s website. Decide on the type of account based on your needs and resources.
  2. Fill out an application form and complete KYC (Know Your Customer information).
  3. Upon successful completion, you will be given a username and password.
  4. You can log in to the client portal of the broker’s website using the given credentials.
  5. Once you successfully transfer funds from your bank account, you will be ready to start trading.

What should you look for while choosing a Broker?

As an investor, you should always choose a CMA regulated broker.

The CMA will help to protect your money from fraudulent activities or exposure to an excess of risk by maintaining safe trading conditions.

The CMA also ensures that the broker doesn’t use your funds for their own benefit.

In the case of any disputes, you can approach the judiciary to seek damages.

The CMA makes sure that regulated brokers submit financial reports periodically to keep the investors safe.

There are only three forex brokers that have been regulated by CMA as Non-Dealing Online Brokers in Kenya. They are:

-EGM Securities which operates FXPesa

-SCFM Limited

-Pepperstone Kenya

The CMA advises against using a foreign broker but if you prefer to take the risk, make sure that the broker is supervised by a reputable regulatory body such as the UK’s FCA, the Australian ASIC, or Cyprus’s CySEC. Regulators make sure that proper trading environment & safety is ensured for investors.

It is always best to choose a broker that offers local customer support and local deposit/withdrawal methods for easier transactions.

Whether you are a new investor or an experienced one, always start off by trading on a demo account when switching to a new platform. While most platforms offer the same features, they usually look or feel different. A demo account will help you to get a grasp on all the tools offered by the platform.

Demo accounts also help you to learn the specifics about the platform, like the spread or order entry procedure.

Once you finish trading on a demo account, you can take a look at all the profits or losses you have incurred. This can help you build a new strategy or check the effectiveness of the one you have in mind.

Risks of Forex Trading

Retail Forex Trading is a very risky business, riskier than traditional investments like stocks.

Some common risks are:

High Leverage

Leverage is used to increase the returns on investment by borrowing money from a broker. It increases your market exposure and thus puts you at a greater risk. During market fluctuations, there is a chance to lose your invested capital and even more in some cases.

High Volatility

The forex market is highly volatile and this volatility helps speculators to make a profit. This attracts a lot of short-term traders and speculators but the market is unpredictable and can go against you at any time. The market also remains inaccessible over the weekend so any unfavorable development during this time might lead to significant losses.

Liquidity Issues

The liquidity of a market stands for the ease with which you can open or close your trading positions at the price you are expecting or similar to the same. While the forex market is generally considered to be one of the most liquid markets, there are times when it goes through stages of low liquidity. The forex market exhibits low liquidity on holidays and weekends as banks are closed during this time.

The forex market is considered risky, especially for beginners. This risk increases if the investor does not have negative balance protection or a stop-loss in place.

Negative balance protection prevents your account balance from going negative when you incur substantial losses. So make sure your broker offers negative balance protection and stop-loss as a safeguard against undesirable developments.

Protect yourself against scams

As there was no regulatory body in Kenya to monitor the forex brokers until 2018, there are still many illegal and unregistered brokers in Kenya. Over 100 such companies are yet to get their licenses from CMA.

The biggest Forex scam in Kenya was the VIP Portal. In 2013, the company promised clients to invest their money in forex trading on their behalf. They promised that they would double their money. Moreover, the company also promised investors an additional 5% of the money for every person they would bring in as a new investor. Over 13,000 individuals deposited their money and the losses were reported to be more than $2.9 million from Nairobi alone.

Some common forex scams you need to avoid are:

The Signal-seller scam

Signal-sellers are traders or companies that offer professional recommendations on favorable times to buy or sell currencies in return for money. These signals are often wrong and can result in losses for you.

‘Robot’ Scamming

A ‘Robot’ is an automated trading program. The scammers claim traders would be able to earn even while sleeping. These systems often don’t work and many of them have never undergone a formal review or test.

Fake Broker or Investment Scheme

They claim to double your money or offer big returns without proof. They are not regulated and they keep your money for themselves rather than investing it.

Conclusion

Despite the risks, the forex market is crucial for the global economy. Speculators or traders can use the forex market to invest money but they need to be cautious.

It is important to first educate yourself about the forex market before starting to trade. Learn the basics first, then practice on a demo account, and finally start investing in small amounts.

You should also learn to use risk management tools like stop-loss, negative balance protection, risk-reward ratio to name a few. These will limit any losses and protect you from losing your entire capital.

Lastly, make sure you trade in a regulated environment so that, if something goes wrong, you can seek redress.

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RoboForex adding EOS Cryptocurrency

RoboForex adding EOS Cryptocurrency

RoboForex announced today adding EOS, a cryptocurrency which is now available for trading with the broker on both MT4 and MT5 platforms.

Roboforex added EOS CryptocurrencyCurrently, RoboForex clients have 7 crypto instruments to choose from.

RoboForex keeps expanding its crypto portfolio.

The latest addition is EOSUSD, which is already available to the clients through MT4 and MT5, alongside with six other crypto pairs:

BTCUSD, ETHUSD, BCHUSD, DSHUSD, LTCUSD, and XRPUSD.

The EOSUSD trading conditions are the following:

  • minimum lot size: 100,
  • minimum increment: 0.01,
  • leverage 5:1.

EOS is a cryptocurrency that was introduced in 2017 and is based on blockchain and smart contracts. Its key features are scalability, decentralized apps, and huge throughput (a few million transaction per second).

This is another step towards developing our crypto portfolio.

Our clients do value the flexibility and state of the art technologies we offer them As for us, our mission is meeting their expectations and constantly improving the trading conditions by opening the door to new instruments and opportunities.

says Denis Golomedov, ;Marketing Director at RoboForex.

Roboforex and Cryptocurrency

This Broker has been on the forefront of crypto trading on the Metatrader 4 and Metatrader trading platforms from the beginning and pushing for more and more trad-able assets to be added to their offering .

it took this broker a little bit of time but now that they got them selves into the cryptocurrency trading arena they come to lead the pack. this in combination with their the trading platforms they are offering makes this a broker to take notice of.

as yet there are not enough brokers that offer metatrader 5 and especially one where you are able to trade bitcoin ethereum, litecoin and now also EOS.

About RoboForex

RoboForex is a brokerage company catering to clients from various countries. The broker’s focus is providing the traders with access to its own financial market platforms.

RoboForex Ltd is a licensed company (License No. IFSC/60/271/TS/17).

 

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Local bitcoin Trader Jailed for Money Laundering

Indicted: Local bitcoin Trader Jailed for Money Laundering

Local Bitcoin trader, Theresa Lynn Tetley, also widely known as Bitcoin Maven has been indicted for indulging in illegal bitcoin-for-cash transactions. According to the Central District of California, the LocalBitcoins.com trader has been sentenced to 12 months in prison.

She has also been handed a three-year supervised release and a $20,000 fine. A former real estate investor and stockbroker, the court ordered her to relinquish $292,264.00 in cash, 25 assorted gold bars, and 40 bitcoin.

money launderingTetley pled guilty to one count of operating an unlicensed money exchange business, and another related to money laundering. Her case is the first of its kind in the Central District of California.

Tetley was procedurally supposed to register her business with the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, an agency of the United States Department of the Treasury.

The agency is responsible for analyzing transactions to curb money laundering and related financial crimes. She also failed to implement standard anti-money laundering protocol, including reporting of certain financial sources as per the requirements of this type of business.

Tetley is said to have traded over $6 million for clients within the United States and charged higher rates as compared to other traders within the LocalBitcoins platform.

Also noted in the court documents was that Theresa Lynn laundered bitcoin for a customer who had been suspected of having acquired the cryptocurrency through illegal activities, including drug sales on the dark web.

She also carried out a bitcoin to cash transaction for an undercover agent who had explicitly declared that his bitcoin was tied to narco-trafficking operations.

According to the report, Tetley’s service was responsible for fueling the growing use of cryptocurrencies to launder money and supported a black market system set up purposely to circumvent the law.

The organizations involved in her investigation included the IRS Criminal Investigation and the Drug Enforcement Administration.

Just One of Many

That said, the government has been committing significant resources to counter the crypto – dark web menace, and earlier this month, a major sting operation was carried out against a major money laundering network. Thirty-five suspects were arrested.

One individual, identified as John Edward Monette, was charged with Conspiracy to Distribute a Controlled Substance. He was also alleged to have carried out numerous bitcoin for cash exchange transactions on the dark web, most of them in 2017 and totaling about $19,000.

Another dark web vendor busted during the operation, Ryan Farace, 34 was indicted for being involved in an alprazolam tablets manufacture and distribution scheme.

He sold the drugs on the dark web, with all transactions being made in bitcoin. Additional digital currency money laundering transactions were made to conceal the sources.

Article Originally Published:

By ELIZABETH GAIL at Coincentral

 

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Why You Need to Get Onboard With Blockchain!

Why You Need to Get Onboard With Blockchain!

Blockchain tech – so revolutionary in nature that some are calling it the “new internet.” It has applications in just about every industry, and has completely altered the way we think about internet security, the processing of information, and the speed of transactions.

Blockchain is the technology that supports the digital currency  or cryptocurrency called Bitcoin –

however this is not what it is really about as it has a far wider scope of applications and is being commercialized in a growing number of areas.

It has generated much interest in technology circles and beyond, because of the new possibilities it opens up in financial services, the public sector and other areas.

According to sites like BitFortune.net, blockchain tech is definitely worth keeping an eye on due to the myriad of benefits it provides.

Blockchain and Bitcoin are not the same thing – Bitcoin is implemented using blockchain technology, but blockchain technology can be used in contexts much wider than Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. so when we are talking about the blockchain we are talking about a combination of a number of technologies, these including:

  • Distributed ledgers.
  • The blockchain data structure.
  • Public key cryptography.
  • Consensus mechanisms.

Part of what makes it so exciting is that it is completely open source. As a result, there are already a number of interesting blockchain apps, and the number is growing daily.

The technology is so secure that it is already being used by DARPA to secure military data. Various governments around the world are working on ways to use the tech to protect their own data.
The tech is tamper-proof, and the data stored within it is permanent. It cannot be erased or altered, and this is what makes it so enticing to those needing more secure networks.

But there is more, folks. (Okay, so that sounds a bit like an infomercial, but the benefits are real nonetheless.) Transactions can speed across the network – taking only as much time as it takes for them to be authorized.

The blockchain cannot be described just as a revolution. It is a tsunami-like phenomenon, slowly advancing and gradually enveloping everything along its way by the force of its progression.

William Mougayar

The system runs without the need for an intermediary, and this reduces the time it takes to execute transactions. This, and the unique way that the tech works, means that costs are significantly reduced as well.

What makes it so revolutionary is that the information is spread across every computer within the network. With Bitcoin, that means the data is securely “backed up” over thousands of computers.

Now, it is unlikely that banks will entrust their data to a public network in the same way, but they have been working on creating networks of their own instead.

The potential savings in terms of cost and time are extensive. If you want to learn more about these savings, check out the infographic below.

 

Why You Need to Get Onboard With Blockchain!


Why You Need to Get Onboard With Blockchain!


Visit bitfortune.net . for more interesting Infographics

Guys did an amazing job and was allowed to share.


 

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